Monday, May 19, 2003

On the Trail of Il Duce

Newsweek

May 19, 2003, Atlantic Edition

Letter From America: On the Trail of Il Duce

By Mauro Suttora

I had come to Phoenix, among the Arizona saguaros and 6,000 miles from home, to look for one of my country's best-kept secrets. And here he is, watering the flowers outside his motor home, a tall and handsome man of 61, living on unemployment benefits. He greets me with a sad smile full of dignity. Ferdinando Petacci is the last living heir of Clara Petacci, who in April 1945 chose to be shot together with her lover, Benito Mussolini, the Italian dictator. Their corpses were then hung upside down in a Milan square.

In Italy, only Gypsies live in motor homes. But in America, going on the road, losing oneself, is commonplace. This man could be a millionaire, if the Italian government gave him back his aunt's diaries and the thousands of letters Mussolini sent her during their 12-year romance. Long ago the minders of state secrets told him he could have them in 50 years. Then in 1995 they invented a new law that would keep them out of his (and the public's) hands until 2015. He wonders, "Why are they so afraid?"

Ferdinando was just 3, fleeing with all his family in an Alfa Romeo along Lake Como, when the communist partisans caught them. His father, one of Mussolini's entourage, was executed on the spot, along with his aunt who asked to share Il Duce's fate. His mother was raped for days on end; his older brother never overcame the shock and died young. Ferdinando himself made a brilliant career as an executive in a French multinational in Europe and South America. He moved to the United States with his sons, divorced, set up a catering service in California, then slipped onto a downward path. He lost his last job in a restaurant in Colorado a few months ago.

Ferdinando's trailer is equipped with computer, phone, fax, e-mail. He is in constant contact with his Italian lawyer. Aunt Clara became Mussolini's political confidante during his last years, he explains. Many historians believe that his letters and her diary could contain proof of the contacts between the fascist dictator and Winston Churchill in 1944. The British prime minister allegedly tried to persuade Mussolini to accept a separate peace, in exchange for a truce on the southern front, and even to encourage Hitler to throw all his forces against the Russians.

Fantasies from a dead-end place in the American desert? Perhaps not. Ferdinando shows me a documentary by the History Channel, outlining this very hypothesis. Another suggests that Il Duce, leaving Milan hours before the Americans arrived, took with him in a leather bag the documents proving his contacts with Churchill. Apparently he thought they might save his life. On the contrary, Ferdinando tells me, they may have condemned him to immediate death instead of a public trial. Some historians speculate that he was shot in haste by British agents to neutralize his last blackmail. And Clara Petacci was executed because she knew, too.

My head is spinning. It' s too hot in this motor home. I go back to my hotel, past the luxurious Scottsdale golf courses, and spend the night reading two or three history books, as thrilling as spy stories. I learn that Churchill went for holidays in the summer of 1945 to... guess where? Lake Como. To paint, of course. But was he also looking for a leather bag?

Not long ago, news arrived from Italy. The government at long last had decided to release the first year of the secret Petacci papers. But lo, they could not be found. The director of the state archives blamed theft. Poor Ferdinando. Maybe he had better find a job, sell the motor home, settle down. Perhaps in Las Vegas. The infamous Alfa Romeo has wound up in a casino there.

Copyright 2003 Newsweek

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